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About Hyperacidity

Your stomach contains acid that is necessary for digestion and for breaking down food. However, when the secretion of acid is disrupted, you may start experiencing symptoms like a pricking or burning in the throat and chest. This is called as hyperacidity.

 

Symptoms

  • Burning or pricking feeling in throat

  • Bloating and gas

  • Belching
  • Flatulence
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chest pain (heart burn)
  • Sour and unpleasant taste in the mouth

 

Risk factors/Causes

  • Wrong dietary choices

  • Smoking

  • Stress
  • Intestinal conditions like GERD or gallstones
  • Irregular diet pattern
  • Improper chewing of food

 

Foods that can trigger Hyperacidity

  • Spicy foods
  • Citrus fruits
  • Dairy products like cream and cheese
  • Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks

 

Tips to prevent Hyperacidity

  • Have small meals at shorter intervals instead of three big meals.
  • Choose less spicy, oily, and greasy food.
  • Regularize your sleeping schedule.
  • Limit alcohol and caffeinated drinks.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Practice stress management with yoga, breathing techniques, and meditation.

About Indigestion

Had a great birthday bash? Gorged on everything from starters to desserts? Helped yourself to an extra slice of cake? And now you’re beginning to experience the signs of indigestion? This can be anyone’s story because indigestion happens to everyone at least once in their lifetime. It is the pain or discomfort experienced due to overeating.

 

Symptoms

  • Bloating and gas

  • Belching

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fullness or tightness in upper part of stomach
  • Constipation or diarrhea

 

Risk factors/Causes

  • Medications

  • Overeating

  • Stress
  • Hurried eating
  • Excess alcohol and caffeinated drinks
  • Smoking
  • Excess weight or obesity
  • Anxiety and stress
  • Certain medical conditions like pancreatitis, gall stones, and hernia can cause indigestion.

 

Foods that can trigger Indigestion

  • Fatty, greasy, or oily foods
  • Spicy and tangy foods
  • Tomatoes and citrus fruits
  • Caffeinated and carbonated drinks
  • Chocolate

 

Tips to prevent Indigestion

  • Avoid your triggers.
  • Replace milk with soya milk.
  • Add almonds, coconut, and quinoa to your diet.

About Irritable Bowel disease

Do you have to visit the washroom several times or fewer times than is normal before you plan to travel? Does the news of a stressful event make you feel queasy and uncomfortable? If yes, you may be suffering from irritable bowel disease. It is a condition that causes the bowels to respond to worry in an abnormal way, creating severe discomfort and, at times, even embarrassment.

 

Symptoms

  • Diarrhea or constipation, sometimes both

  • Bloating and gas

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Blood or mucus in stools
  • Belly pains or cramps

 

Risk factors or Causes

  • Stress and anxiety

  • Post a severe infection

  • Changes in gut flora
  • Hormonal changes
  • Hormonal changes

 

Foods that can trigger Irritable Bowel disease

  • Milk products
  • Carbonated and caffeinated drinks
  • Vegetables like beans and cabbage
  • Citrus fruits

 

Tips to prevent Irritable Bowel disease

  • Manage stress levels with meditation and yoga.
  • Take the help of a counsellor to change your response to situations that cause you anxiety.
  • Avoid your food triggers.

About Lactose intolerance

We have grown up being lectured about the importance of milk to health. It is difficult to believe that milk can be harmful to some people. But it is true, some people are unable to digest the sugar present in milk called lactose. This happens because their gut does not produce a sufficient quantity of lactase enzyme. This undigested lactose passes from their small intestine to their large intestine where it gets fermented by gut bacteria causing the release of gas, bloating, and discomfort. These people are considered to be lactose-intolerant.

 

Symptoms

  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating and gas
  • Belching
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting

 

Risk factors or Causes

  • Old age
  • Premature birth
  • Intestinal conditions

 

Foods that can trigger Lactose intolerance

  • Milk products
  • Sandwich spreads and salad dressings
  • Cake mixes
  • Baked goods
  • Milk solids

 

Tips to prevent Lactose intolerance

  • Avoid your triggers.
  • Replace milk with soya milk.
  • Add sources of calcium like cabbage, broccoli, almonds, coconut, and fatty fish to your diet.

GERD can be likened to a blocked or malfunctioning kitchen wash-basin that experiences a backflow of dirty drain water.
Your food pipe and stomach are separated by a ring of muscles. These muscles act like a flexible gate and prevent the acidic contents of your stomach from reaching and harming your food pipe. However, if anything goes wrong with these muscles, there is an unwanted backflow of stomach contents into the food-pipe. As the stomach contents are highly acidic in nature, they can irritate or sometimes damage your food pipe. This is called reflux.
If reflux occurs very often (about once or twice a week) it is called as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD.

Symptoms:

  • Burning in the throat and chest (heartburn) that worsens at night
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing and gulping
  • Regurgitation (Food or sour liquid is expelled into the mouth)
  • Chronic cough
  • Throat pain
  • Pain while speaking
  • Worsening of asthma

Risk factors/ causes:

  • Smoking
  • Hiatal hernia1
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Eating heavy meals
  • Eating dinner late in the night
  • Eating excessive salty and fried foods
  • Drinking too much coffee
  • Taking certain medications

Tips to prevent GERD:

  • Eat your dinner early
  • Avoid foods that trigger it
  • Eat small meals frequently instead of three heavy meals
  • After dinner, wait for at least two hours before sleeping
  • Quit smoking, limit alcohol, sleep with your head elevated, and avoid tight-fitting clothes at night

Celiac disease affects the absorption of nutrients. It is a problem with digesting gluten, a protein found in foods like bread, crackers, and pasta.. Celiac disease is an auto-immune disease in which there is damage to the gut or small intestine due to ingestion of gluten. Celiac disease is hereditary, which means it runs in families. Certain people have a predisposition to this condition. When such people eat foods that contain gluten as part of their diets, an immune response is triggered within their body, and there is an attack launched against the small intestine. This, in turn, damages the villi of the gut in the long run. The function of these villi is to promote absorption. When they get damaged, nutrient absorption is negatively impacted.

 
Symptoms
 

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Regular bloating or gas
  • Stomach cramps
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Itchy skin
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Acid reflux and heartburn

 
Causes/Risk factors
 

  • Family history
  • Gluten containing diet
  • Other autoimmune conditions

 
Foods that can trigger Celiac disease
 

  • Foods high in gluten like wheat and barley

 
Ways to deal with Celiac disease
 

  • Adhere to a strict gluten-free diet
  • Replace wheat with rice, millet, or quinoa
  • Eliminate bread, pasta, and roti
  • Eat vegetables and fruits
  • Eat meat, fish, seafood, and poultry
  • Eat Beans, legumes, and nuts that are gluten-free