Causes of Indigestion

Most of us savor the flavor of food. Just the thought of a spicy pani puri makes our mouths water, and the aroma of a steaming hot pav bhaji makes us forget our resolution to eat in moderation. The heavy price we pay for this lack of will-power is called INDIGESTION. What stays in our mouth for a few minutes can give us a bout of indigestion. Indigestion. The word itself produces a sick feeling in the stomach.

Indigestion has many possible causes. Often, indigestion is related to lifestyle and may be triggered by food, drink, or medication. Common causes of indigestion include:

  • Eating too quickly
    Nowadays, everybody is in a hurry. Rushing off to work, running to catch a train; we are always on the go. When the similar attitude of rushing is applied to eating, it becomes a problem. Eating in a hurry is just as bad as eating curry when it comes to digestion. You will be prone to indigestion if you eat quickly.
  • Over-eating
    It is the era of the Big—bigger screens, bigger houses, bigger dreams, but when it comes to portion size, it is vital to opt for smaller quantities. Overeating is one of the precursors to indigestion.
  • Wrong food choices
    Some foods can trigger indigestion. Even though fries and spices feel great to your palette, they should be limited on your plate as they can cause indigestion. Limit beverages like caffeine, alcohol, chocolate, or carbonated beverages to keep your digestive system running smoothly.
  • Smoking
    Smoking is a health hazard and can cause many serious illnesses, including indigestion. Smoking can damage the gate between your food pipe and your stomach and make the contents of your stomach flow back in to your food pipe.
  • Stress and Fatigue
    Your state of mind can have a lot of effect on many health parameters, including digestive health. When you are stressed or worried about something frequently, your gut suffers too.
  • Certain medications
    If you are on medications for other conditions like iron deficiency anemia, infection or pain, or you are taking any kind of supplements, you may get digestive symptoms like heartburn or bloating. If you think this is happening too frequently, ask your physician for a change in medication.

    Sometimes, indigestion is caused by other underlying digestive conditions, including:
  • Peptic ulcers
    Your stomach contains acid that is needed for digestion. Peptic ulcers are sores caused when this acid erodes the lining of your stomach.
  • Gallstones
    Your gall bladder is a small sac-like structure that stores bile juice. Gallstones occur when some material gets deposited in your gall bladder. Gallstones can cause indigestion symptoms.
  • Gastritis
    When the lining of your stomach gets swollen, it is called as gastritis. This can cause indigestion. Gastritis is caused due to medication overdose, stress, or a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori.
  • Constipation
    Infrequent passage of stools or less stools is referred to as constipation. It happens to most people sometime or the other. Chronic constipation can also lead to indigestion.
  • Severe inflammation of the pancreas (chronic pancreatitis)
    When there is a swelling in the pancreas, symptoms like hyperacidity and stomach discomfort are experienced.
  • Stomach cancer (rare)
    Sometimes, indigestion may be just the tip of the iceberg. The real problem may be hidden deep within. Stomach cancer can manifest as indigestion symptoms.
  • Intestinal blockage
    If there is a blockage within the intestine that restricts blood flow, severe indigestion may be experienced.
  • Non-ulcer dyspepsia
    Sometimes, indigestion may occur without any obvious cause. This is known as functional or non-ulcer dyspepsia.